Urban planning in Albania, has been promoted in various forms of organization and ultimately Territorial Planning Law represents another form of policies on the territory that is linked to the decentralization of control of the territory. In view of the different situations, we think that through this material show some considerations on planning.
In Albania 70% of the population lives in urban areas. However, with the exception of Tirana, Albanian cities are generally smaller than cities EU-Balkans region.
The policies address urban areas in general and areas within the cities.
– “Village near the city”, agriculture has a major role;
– “New village”, tourist settlements and “natural”;
– “Villages at risk” aging population density areas, decrease their production.
Territorial planning policy for sustainable development requires meeting the challenges posed by changing economic, social and cultural development, and to achieve a balance of population, industry, culture, etc., between the provinces of the country, such as:
a) define the principles and directions for a balanced and sustainable development European standards;
b) establishment of the territorial conditions for regional development;
c) direction of the establishment and development of national public infrastructure;
d) creation of conditions for the preservation of ecosystems, biodiversity, natural resources and cultural wealth, balancing the effects of housing systems and economic activities and the protection of green spaces; etc.
The objectives are: convergence; regional competitiveness and employment; European territorial cooperation and are contractual approach as an effective means of implementation of projects that include various levels of government, “an area, a strategy, a contract”.