IMPLEMENTATION OF CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

Abstract
In December 2009, the Government of Albania, took a significant step of signing the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).

The construction environmet in Albania represents a series of physical barriers, which hinder the social engagement of persons with disabilities. Lack of accessibility to dwellings, educational establishment, working and entertainment areas and health care services is already a wellknokn phenomenon in Albania, which affects the life of persons with disability on daily basis.

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The accessibility requires the elemination of obstacles in relation to buildings, roads, transportation and other indoor and outdoor facilities. Town planning rules now make it a legally binding requirements that buildings avoid barriers for persons with disabilities although many challanges remain in enforcing the law and ensuring accessibility of buildings and public spaces. In addition, Abanian Government has established accessibility standarts with the aim to guide the construction sector in making the built environment accessible for person

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with disabilities.
Such accessibility standarts are sanctioned in the “Regulation on the Utilization of the Spaces by Persons with Disabilities” approved by the Decision of the Council of Ministers, nr 1503, dt. 19.11.2008.
The purpose of this regulation is to define the technical requirements for the elimination of barriers that are defined as “architectural barriers”.This regulation is intended application of the rules for the elimination of architectural barriers in housing, public spaces and services.

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• new built private buildings, residential or not;

• public residential buildings financed by the state budget, new built;

• reconstruction of private and public buildings;

• outer space of above buildings in designated areas.

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The objective is to improve individual autonomy and access to basic services of persons with disabilities through more accessible buildings. Also, the article will provide current practical applicability in different buildings in different cities in Albania, and will provide conclusions on the difficulties in their achievements and actions for further improvements.

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