Albania and Kosovo, that were under the socialist system of governance for the past 50 years, have moved to a market economy. Countries should undertake a series of reforms in order to achieve better governance that will lead to a better quality of life of its people in general and good urban conditions in particular. Property and private initiatives should be treated carefully.After 1990, economic opportunities emerged in the cities.
Consequently, rural-urban migration and urban-urban configuration changed quickly in urban areas. In the previous system was state-owned land. Urban development was designed, funded and implemented by the government. Land management (management and land use) was the duty of the state and the system worked in top-down hierarchical direction. Planners were not free to decide on land use (based on the principles of the protection of agricultural land).The demand for land (particularly for urban land with infrastructure)
changed as a result of the following main factors:
• Political and economic changes;
• The combination of poor housing conditions strategies and investments to individuals, seeing both as a financial security of this investment;
• The rapid growth of population in specific regions.
In this context, Tirana, capital of Albania and the Prishtina Kosovo’s capital are facing a lot of problems trying to solve them.Tirana, with a population of 700,000 inhabitants, keeps growing as a result of massive migration from rural areas.
Greater Tirana population has been growing at a rate of 7% per annum.Tirana built environment already occupies over 2,600 acres compared to 1,600 acres in 1990. The vast majority of this development has been built by the informal sector.
Prishtina, with a population of ~ 200,000 inhabitants, with steadily increasing rapidly. Urban planning space in 2000, to Pristina exceed 5,000 ha. The vast majority of this development has been built by the informal sector.
Private ownership of land, free movement of people and decentralized economy has a direct impact on the urbanization of the territory.
In this context there is a need for new city planning. Years 1990 in Albania, as in Kosovo 2000, brought a new model of political, economic and social development of the city. Major changes as the right of ownership, a private sector in the economy, new institutional relationships, etc., brought some changes in the way of understanding the planning sector.
These created new environment sector performance response planning. So, the need and the idea for a new plan emerged urgently. But things have changed, the new laws are in effect and generally doing things differently. This brings other problems other issues in discussion to resolve otherwise.